The set of devices used to adjust the heating medium. It consists of a regulator, servo-motor, control valve, sensors. Automation is applied in housing: weather automation and automation of utility hot water.
A room with a heating boiler.
Heat distribution inside the building. Heat is received in one device, specially intended for this purpose, e.g. heat centre.
The amount of water introduced to the closed system.
The service consists in checking the efficiency and technical condition of the heat centre.
Centre audit (AWO) - is a service aiming to specify the technical condition of a heat centre. The result of the audit are recommendations on improvement of system efficiency.
The simultaneous generation of heat and electric power in the heat and power plant. It requires lower consumption of fuel and allows for reduction of carbon dioxide emission.
It allows for connection of a real estate to the municipal heating network.
The fragment of the heating network feeding heat directly to the heat centre.
The contracted thermal power is the highest thermal power in a year which occurs in a given facility for calculation conditions (external temperature -20ºC) and which must consider only power necessary for: covering heat loss in the facility; maintenance of normative temperature of hot water (+55/45ºC) in drawing points located in such a facility; provision of correct operation of other devices and systems according to technical terms and technological requirements defined for them. Contracted power is specified in the Contract on the basis of the Recipient’s application.
Maximum heat amount which can be supplied and received by the building on the moment of the highest demand.
A consumer of heat from the municipal network who, most often, is a resident of a multi-family building or user of premises or a stakeholder of an institution to which the Supplier delivers heat.
Necessary for achievement of thermomodernization bonus The study defining the scope as well as technical and economical parameters of the thermomodernization undertaking. It shows optimum solutions, especially in terms of undertaking performance costs and energy saving and, at the same time, constitutes assumptions for the building design.
The building with receiving systems.
Technical support for buildings. It includes, e.g. management of internal installations and systems, performance of technical inspections and removal of defects and failures.
The product of the amount of heat carrier delivered for filling up and supplementing water loss in receiving systems and prices of heat carrier for a given tariff group.
The fee for thermal power and transmission services, i.e. the readiness to supply the contracted amount and heat quantity required to cover the largest demand for heat of a given facility, secure the correct operation of devices and systems as well as cover losses with the purpose of maintenance of temperature and air exchange in rooms. It is established as an annual fee and is paid in 12 equal monthly instalments in the form of the sum of fees:
- for contracted thermal power - product of the amount of thermal power contracted by the Recipient and monthly instalment (price) of the thermal power contracted for a given tariff group.
- for transmission services - product of amount of thermal power contracted by the Recipient and rate (monthly instalment) for transmission services for a given tariff group.
The substance which emits high amounts of heat while intense oxidation (burning).
A unit of heat, work, energy unit in the SI system. One joule is work performed by 1 watt in 1 second.
A heat centre supplying more than one facility.
In heat engineering, it is vapour or hot water - also called heating medium.
The set of devices or systems used for changing the type or parameters of heat carrier supplied from the connection and for regulation of amount of heat supplied to the the receiving systems. The heat centre consists of the following basic devices: CH exchanger, UHW exchanger, automatics, heat meter, regulator of pressure and flow differences, CH circulatory pump, UHW circulatory pump.
It consists in continuous servicing and supervision of specialists over the heat centre operation. It means also the assumption of the responsibility for the technical condition and safe operation of a device from the Administrator. Service is provided 24/7.
An integrating measuring instrument intended for measurement of the amount of flowing thermal power. Its indication is the basis for settlement between the power supplier and recipient. A measurement unit of thermal power in the SI system is a joule equal to 1 watt * 1 second (watt-second), whereas the commonly used measurement unit of this energy is gigajoule [GJ].
A device mounted on radiators. It allows to divide heating costs between apartments in a multi-family building.
Each person who receives or draws fuel or energy under the contract with the power engineering company.
It allows for commencement of heat supply to the real estate.
The set of devices or systems used for heat generation (heat sources are components of heating systems n the form of heat and power plant (in addition to heat, they generate electric power) or heat plants, whereas when they are directly located in the facility, they have the nature of local heat source).
The industrial plant generating electric power and heat in the form of high temperature medium (most often water) for heating networks in one technological process in the combined manner (cogeneration).
The set of prices and fee rates as well as terms of their application prepared by the supplier of system heat and implemented as the effective for Recipients specified therein under the Energy law act.
Heat exchanger of water-air or vapour-air type; component of the facility (rooms) heating system.
An instrument used to adjust the temperature of heating devices (heaters)
The function of relations between external temperature, delivery temperature and setpoint of room temperature. A standard heating curve is 90/70°C. It means that at the external temperature of -16°C, the temperature inside the room shall be at the level of +20 -21 °C.
The interconnected devices or systems (sometimes called heat-pipes) used for transmission and distribution of heat in the form of hot water or vapour from heat sources to heat cenres.
The industrial plant the main task of which is production of medium (most often water) with high temperature and its transmission to the heating system or for the purposes of industry.
The period in which the weather conditions result in the necessity of continuous heat supply in order to heat the buildings. However, this word is removed from dictionaries as heat from the municipal network is now available all year round.
A basic unit of energy. A billion of joules is a gigajoule (GJ), a million of joules is megajoule (MJ).
Heat source located in the facility, directly supplying receiving systems, exclusively in this facility (look: Heat source).
Emission of harmful dusts and gases at low level. Their main source are old and non-operational heating devices, low coal quality and burning waste in furnaces.
The technology which processes sunlight to electric power with photovoltaic links.
A pipe with external layer of thermal insulation. It is used, e.g. to transmit heat.
It is used for transmission of heat or hot water from heat centres or heat sources to heat receivers or hot water abstraction points in a given facility.
The President of the Energy Regulatory Office who, e.g. confirms the heat prices, energy tariffs and issues the licences to energy companies.
Renewable energy sources, i.e. those the resources of which renew quickly - e.g. wind, sun light, geothermics.
A weather phenomenon which is the result of mixing air with smoke and exhaust fumes.
heat for the needs of heating and utility hot water supplied to the real estate with the heating network.
The group of recipients using the services connected with heat supply with whom the settlements are conducted on the basis of the same prices and fee rates as well as terms of their application.
It is an intelligent solution of GPEC Group based on the weather automation built-in in the centre - the option of automatic activation and deactivation of supplied heat depending on the existence of specified external temperature, called threshold temperature. With the sensor placed outside the building, the automatics itself monitors the weather conditions and - most importantly - automatically activates heat exactly when it is needed. 12 and 14 degrees Celsius are recommended threshold temperatures for activation of heat supply and/or stop.
The amount of heat received from the heat carrier in one hour.
Thermography is a modern, non-invasive investigation method, consisting in checking temperature distribution on the surface of a tested facility or device. When applied in construction and housing, it allows for analysis and evaluation of the quality of thermal insulation of the building.
A range of different actions which are to protect the building from heat loss, reduce demand for energy and its consumption.
Pipe line water heated up in the heat centre or other (gas, electric) heater. Upon heating up in an appropriate device, it flows through the receiving (internal) system of the building to users’ taps.
Sums of payments incurred in the period of actual heat consumption:
- for heat - product of the amount of supplier heat on the basis of readings of indications of the meter mounted on the connector to the heat centre (or in other sites separating the use of devices and systems specified in Contracts) and heat prices for a given tariff group,
- for transmission services - product of supplied heat on the basis of readings of indications of the heat meter mounted on the connector to the heat centre (or in other sites separating the use of devices and systems specified in Contracts) and variable fee rate for transmission services for a given tariff group.